Diario La Capital de Mar del Plata

hermitage hotel

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Lunes, 21 de Abril de 2014 7°C

2009-10-14 16:10:58

La Prefectura Naval en Mar del Plata

El 27 de febrero del año 1862, el Gobernador de Buenos Aires, Bartolomé Mitre, firmó el decreto, a requerimiento del Juez de Paz de Mar Chiquita, por el cual se crea un resguardo Aduanero en el Puerto de la Laguna de Los Padres.

Por Ricardo Fortini*

El 27 de febrero del año 1862, el Gobernador de Buenos Aires, Bartolomé Mitre, firmó el decreto, a requerimiento del Juez de Paz de Mar Chiquita, por el cual se crea un resguardo Aduanero en el Puerto de la Laguna de Los Padres, siendo la primera Autoridad Nacional, que además de su misión fiscal cumplía la Autoridad Marítima por Delegación la entonces Capitanía de Puertos, siendo esta  fecha fundacional de la Prefectura Mar del Plata. 

Posteriormente, el 3 de marzo del año 1880, se creó la Receptoría en Mar del Plata, cuya competencia como autoridad Marítima era la de vigilancia de las costas, navegación, seguridad, control de la caza indiscriminada de los lobos marinos y seguridad a los bañistas en playas, siendo ejercido por el Receptor de Rentas.

A efectos de brindar seguridad a los bañistas en las playas de la ciudad, se confecciono, el “Reglamento para baños”, y algunos de sus artículos expresaba, textualmente:

“Es prohibido bañarse desnudo; el traje de baño permitido por este reglamento es todo aquel que cubra el cuerpo, desde el cuello hasta la rodilla; en las playas conocidas por el Puerto, de la iglesia y de la gruta no podrán bañarse los hombres  mezclados con las señoras, a no ser que tuvieran familia o lo hicieran acompañado por ellas; es prohibido a los hombres solos aproximarse durante el baño a las señoras que estuviesen en el, debiendo mantenerse por lo menos a una distancia de 30 metros; se prohíbe en las horas del baño el uso de anteojos de teatro u otro instrumento de larga vista, así como situarse en la orilla del agua cuando se bañen señoras; los infractores de las disposiciones que preceden incurrirán en multa de dos a cinco pesos moneda legal o arresto de 24 a 48 horas y cinco a diez pesos o arresto de 48 a 96 horas en caso de reincidencia, debiendo ser expulsados de la playa durante un mes en caso de incurrir por tercera vez en las mismas faltas a este reglamento; los que presten servicios de bañistas u otro carácter análogo necesitan permiso de la “Autoridad Marítima” local, el que le será expedido gratis y por escrito a toda persona que lo solicite, siempre que fuera de buena conducta, etc.” 

El crecimiento del pueblo, particularmente con la llegada del Ferrocarril del Sud, en 1886 y del aumento del comercio marítimo, determinó que desde 1888 se trataría la conveniencia de crear en el lugar, una Ayudantía o Subprefectura. Concretándose la habilitación de una Ayudantía el 4 de junio de 1898, según consta en el documento más antiguo fechado en Mar del Plata y firmado por el Ayudante de Primera Indalecio Correa. 

Recién en el año 1909, merced a la gestión del Diputado Nacional Pedro Olegario Luro, se dispuso la construcción del puerto actual, por Ley Nacional 6499, fechada el 11 de octubre de ese año, habiéndose participado activamente  en dicha creación, debido a la labor en la prestación de seguridad pública y como reconocida Autoridad Marítima en el puerto de esta ciudad.


Después de cumplir  funciones en diferentes asentamientos de esta ciudad en el año 1961, la Prefectura, se estableció en el edificio donde se encuentra actualmente instalado. 

La Prefectura Mar del Plata basa su diario accionar en el desarrollo de sus actividades comoiInstitución de seguridad de la navegación, protección marítima, protección ambiental y seguridad pública, en una jurisdicción costera de 216 kilómetros terrestres y 117 millas náuticas en la faz marítima. Incluyendo las Prefecturas de Pinamar, Villa Gesell y Miramar.

Previéndose a futuro la extracción completa de los cascos hundidos en zona portuaria y acompañar el progreso de la actividad marítima con el adecuado crecimiento institucional. Siguiendo fieles a las funciones y responsabilidades, con la convicción de interpretar las necesidades de la comunidad a la cual sirve.


*Prefecto Mayor, jefe de la Prefectura Naval de Mar del Plata.

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